Cigarettes with menthol form strong nicotine dependence
FDA has declared that will consider variant of introducing sanctions for using cigarettes that contain menthol.
Decision is based on preliminary scientific estimation of possible consequences for health of cigarettes with menthol as they cause stronger addiction as compared to standard tobacco products.
According to FDA data more than 40 % of young smokers and 30 % of experienced smokers prefer menthol cigarettes.
In the research published in Frontiers is shown connection of menthol cigarettes and increasing nicotine dependence.
Scientists under direction of Nadine Kabbani from George Mason University, Virginia State, have found out that menthol is able to increase nicotine dependence as it is connected with specific nicotine receptor in nerve cells that is called A7 nicotine acetylcholine receptor. In point of fact, menthol changes answer of receptors to new coming nicotine. Besides, was determined that menthol initializes long-term effect, causing activity in brain areas responsible for pleasure process and addictive behavior.
One of the main attractions of menthol cigarettes is mint flavor. At inhalation smoke cools back wall of the throat, facilitating smoking process as compared to standard cigarettes. But reduced sensitivity of mucous membrane limits natural cough reflex allowing outside substance getting inside respiratory tracts and providing deep breath.
Nancy Brown, AHA CEO, supports FDA intention: "Menthol cigarettes are one of many products, actively spread among youth. If FDA will introduce ban on menthol cigarettes, we will remove one more product that inclines young people to smoking".