HAVANA (AP) -- Joey Betancourts fingers dart over the long, light-brown tobacco leaf. They nudge loose tobacco
inside and wrap and tug, smooth and straighten. A tightly rolled cigar takes shape.
"Looks easy," said the 32-year-old roller at the Cohiba factory in Havana after using his teeth to tear excess
wrapper leaf from the tip. "It's not."
Cubas ninth annual Habano Festival, which wraps up Friday, is a celebration of all things cigar -- from tobacco
seedlings to the smoothness of a freshly lit Churchill.
More than 1,000 fans from over 40 countries puffed on free cigars while visiting tobacco plantations, getting
lessons on the history, taste and smell of tobacco and kicking off their shoes during a smoke-clouded late-night
party at the beach during the five-day event.
"It's very exciting," said Sato Yukio, 58, a university professor from Tokyo. "It is a long way to come, but it is worth it."
Founded in 1966 to produce cigars for dignitaries and Cuban leader Fidel Castro, Cohiba is the flagship of 27
premium brands produced by Habanos, equally owned by the Cuban state and Spanish-French tobacco firm Altadis.
Long an avid smoker, the 80-year-old Castro gave up cigars years ago for health reasons and has ceded power to his brother, Raul, while he recovers from intestinal surgery.
Washingtons trade embargo against communist Cuba means its cigars are illegal in the United States -- but that is
good news for some.
"Cubans are special for Americans especially because of the embargo. Its the forbidden-fruit mentality," said
Raymond Chu, who works at a cigar franchise in Windsor, Canada, just across the border from Detroit.
Chu, 45, said that during Windsor's tourist season, 75 percent of his customers are from the United States.
Many festival participants are from Asia, Europe and the Middle East -- though some Americans slipped into Cuba
through Canada or Mexico.
"Were not supposed to be here. That's one of the reasons we came," said John, a Nevada native who like many visiting Americans gave only a first name for fear of being fined for violating the U.S. ban on travel to the island.
Vito Calandra, who sells generic drugs in Toronto, said he was attending his fourth straight Habano Festival.
"It gives you an attachment to the product," he said, "a better appreciation of all the work that goes into a cigar... and how the process hasn't changed in 300 years."
Organizers took visitors to Cubas tobacco heartland, the western district of Pinar del Rio, where farmers slogged
through quicksand-like mud, picking tobacco leaves.
Jesus Mendez, 39, said he earns about $43 a month, nearly four times the minimum government salary -- although he
said he has never seen a Habano cigar prepared for export.
"We do all this so that they can be smoked, but not by me," Mendez said. "They are very expensive. It's something